Essential Foundations About Bulgaria (Basics)


Bulgaria is a European country with a population of slightly less than 7 million people, an area of 110,000 square kilometers, and a capital city, Sofia. The official language is Bulgarian, the currency used is the lev, and the literacy rate is very high at 98%. Bulgaria has a temperate climate with cold winters and hot summers, with significant exports, including clothing, footwear, and machinery. The country uses European standards for electrical power outlets and operates in Eastern European Time (UTC+2). Get to know more about Bulgaria with these basic facts.

  • Population: Bulgaria has slightly less than 7 million people, of which circa 2 million live abroad.
  • Bulgaria has a land area of about 110,000 square kilometers, making it the 16th largest European country.
  • Capital city: Sofia is the capital city of Bulgaria, with a population of about 1.3 million people.
  • Bulgarian is the official language of Bulgaria.
  • The currency used in Bulgaria is the Bulgarian lev (BGN), fixed at BGN 1.95583 to EUR 1.
  • Literacy rate: Bulgaria has a high literacy rate of about 98%.
  • Climate: Bulgaria has a temperate climate, with cold winters and hot summers.
  • Average temperature: The average temperature in Bulgaria ranges from -5 to -3 degrees Celsius (23 to 27 degrees Fahrenheit) in January (the coldest month) to 22 to 24 degrees Celsius (72 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit) in July (the hottest month)
  • Major exports: Bulgaria’s significant exports include clothing, footwear, and machinery.
  • Major imports: Bulgaria’s major imports include machinery, chemicals, and fuels.
  • Time zone: Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
  • Internet country code: .bg
  • Dialing code: +359
  • Bulgaria uses European standards for electrical power outlets

Here are some Essential Foundations About Bulgaria (Basics).

More Curious Facts About Bulgaria

Unique Places in Bulgaria

Top 3 amazing country’s road trips

Experience the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of Bulgaria on a road trip, where every turn unveils a new adventure and memories to last a lifetime.

Beautiful Pirin


The Discovery Road Trip

Get an accurate impression of the country’s regions in southern and northern Bulgaria. You will see the Balkan peninsula’s most extensive mountain – Stara Planina, the Thracian plane, and the Black sea. You will spend nights and days in an old village in the mountains, as well as in the Black sea and the ancient capital of Bulgaria – Veliko Tarnovo.

Southwestern Road Trip

You will see many historical places and monasteries and get an accurate impression of southwestern Bulgaria. You will see the Rila and Pirin mountains and will enjoy majestic views.

Southeastern Road Trip

The southeastern coast of Bulgaria is a region of unparalleled natural beauty, with a varied landscape that includes sandy beaches, rocky cliffs, and picturesque fishing villages. One of the main attractions of the southeastern coast is its long stretch of sandy beaches, which are perfect for sunbathing, swimming, and water sports.

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