Bulgaria’s Healthcare System is a universal healthcare system, which means that healthcare services are provided to all citizens and residents of the country. The healthcare system is funded through public and private sources, including taxes, insurance premiums, and out-of-pocket payments.
The Bulgarian healthcare system is organized into a network of primary care physicians or centers, hospitals, and specialized clinics. Primary care centers provide essential healthcare services, such as consultations, vaccinations, and preventive care. Hospitals are responsible for providing more advanced medical services, such as surgery, and specialized clinics provide specialized medical services, such as oncology or neurology. There are private and public hospitals and care centers in Bulgaria that provide competing quality care and services. Bulgarian patients can also benefit from treatment abroad through specialized services.
There are both public and private healthcare providers in Bulgaria. The government funds public healthcare providers and are generally free or low-cost for patients, although some services may require a copayment. Private healthcare providers are funded through insurance or out-of-pocket payments and may offer a higher level of service or more specialized care than public providers.
Overall, the healthcare system in Bulgaria is generally considered to be of good quality. However, some challenges and issues exist, such as shortages of certain medications (primarily due to their lower prices) and limited access to specialized care in some areas.