Dive into the vibrant chronicle of Bulgaria’s past as we unveil the timeless threads of diverse archeological cultures that graced and influenced its land. Archaeologists have pieced together an intricate timeline that paints a vivid portrait of human history through the unearthing of pottery shards, the ghostly outlines of ancient settlements, and the whispering echoes of long-lost languages.
Each archeological culture – Starčevo, Boian, Karanovo, Ezero, Varna, and more – forms a unique thread in this tapestry, their stories intertwined in a dance of cooperation, conflict, and cultural exchange.
Note: Click the archeological culture name in the legend to exclude/isolate the culture from the group in the chart.
This journey through the archaeological cultures chronology of Bulgaria is not just a tale of bygone eras. A vibrant, living history still shapes the land and its people. So let’s take a step back in time and watch as the grand spectacle of human history in Bulgaria unfolds.
Archeological cultures, groups, and historical civilizations mentioned in this chronology active within the period between 13000 BC and 200 BC:
- Iron Gates Mesolithic Culture (13000 BC – 6000 BC)
- Starcevo Culture (6200 BC – 4500 BC)
- Karanovo Culture (6200 BC – 2000 BC)
- Vinca Culture (5700 BC – 4200 BC)
- Hamangia Culture (5250 BC – 4500 BC)
- Cucuteni-Trypillia Culture (4800 BC – 3000 BC)
- Gumelnita Culture (4700 BC – 3950 BC)
- Varna culture (4550 BC – 4100 BC)
- Boian culture (4300 BC – 3500 BC)
- Cernavoda culture (4000 BC – 3200 BC)
- Coţofeni Culture (3500 BC – 2500 BC)
- Ezero Culture (3300 BC – 2700 BC)
- Troy (3300 BC – 85 BC)
- Glina-Schneckenberg Culture (3200 BC – 2000 BC)
- Thracians – Odrysian Kingdom (2000 BC – 700 AD)
- Achaemenid Persian Rule (522 BC – 330 BC)
- The Celts (400 BC – 212 BC)