Political System of Bulgaria
FACTS ABOUT BULGARIA’S CULTURE
The political system of Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic in which the government is organized with a separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The government is also based on the principle of the rule of law, which means that all branches of government and all citizens are subject to the country’s laws.
Political parties play a significant role in the Bulgarian political system. Parties are organized around political ideologies and platforms, competing for seats in the Parliament in general elections. The ruling party or coalition is responsible for forming a government and implementing its policies.
The President of Bulgaria is the head of state and is elected by the people in a general election held every five years. The President also has the power to veto laws passed by the Parliament, although the Parliament can override the veto with a two-thirds majority vote. The President has the power to nominate the Prime Minister.
The executive branch of the government is headed by the Prime Minister, who is responsible for leading the government and implementing the policies of the ruling political party or coalition. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and is responsible for forming a government, which consists of ministers responsible for specific policy areas, such as Healthcare, Social policy, Economics, Finance, etc.
The Parliament is the legislative branch of the government and is responsible for making and enacting laws. It is unicameral, meaning it consists of only one chamber and has 240 members known as “deputies.” The people of Bulgaria elect the deputies in a general election held every four years. The Parliament is headed by a Speaker, elected by the deputies. It is responsible for chairing sessions of the Parliament and representing the Parliament in its relations with other branches of government and foreign countries.
The judicial branch of the government is responsible for interpreting and applying the country’s laws. The highest court in Bulgaria is the Supreme Court of Cassation, which is responsible for hearing appeals from lower courts and ensuring the uniform application of laws. The Constitutional Court of Bulgaria is a high court responsible for interpreting and enforcing the Constitution of Bulgaria. There are also several specialized courts, such as the Supreme Administrative Court.
More Curious Facts About Bulgaria
Unique Places in Bulgaria
Dragalevski Monastery: A Rich History of Bulgarian Culture & Heritage
The Dragalevski Monastery is an iconic landmark representing Bulgaria's rich culture and heritage. Its name was first mentioned in the Vitosha golden seal
Bachkovo Monastery: A Cultural Gem Georgian monk Gregory Bakuriani founded the Bachkovo Monastery in 1083. It's the second-largest in Bulgaria and one of
Arapovski Monastery: Cultural Showcase
Situated in Bulgaria's Rhodope Mountains, the Arapovski Monastery highlights the country's cultural and religious legacy. Constructed in the mid-19th century, the St. Nedelya
Top 3 amazing country’s road trips
Experience the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of Bulgaria on a road trip, where every turn unveils a new adventure and memories to last a lifetime.
The information in the “Facts about Bulgaria” section of GuideBG.com is provided solely for information purposes, and GuideBG does not assume any liability for this content or its accuracy. Information and content in the section “Fact about Bulgaria”, including text, images, and illustrations, are authored and copyrighted. We support intellectual property rights and the work of photographers, illustrators, and content creators. All visuals are licensed through Envato and Adobe and/or copyrighted by the authors.