Sunday, September 24, 2023

A Guide to Sous Vide Temperature & Cooking Time

Embark on a culinary journey through the world of Sous Vide, where precision meets gastronomic artistry, as we guide you through the quintessential cooking times and techniques for a smorgasbord of meats, vegetables, and eggs.

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Welcome to a world where time isn’t just money; it’s the essence of gastronomic perfection. We’re delving into precision cooking, where mere minutes can define the fine line between a culinary masterpiece and an ordinary meal.

Let us introduce you to the art of Sous Vide – French for “under vacuum” – a cooking technique that marries science with culinary expertise to achieve the perfect plate.

A Brief History of Sous Vide

Though cooking food in a water bath may sound like a modern marvel, Sous Vide’s roots go back to the ancient culinary traditions of poaching and simmering. But it was in 1974 that French chef Georges Pralus and food scientist Bruno Goussault revolutionized the culinary world by formally introducing the Sous Vide technique. Initially developed to improve the texture and reduce the shrinkage of foie gras, Sous Vide has come to dominate professional kitchens and has now charmed its way into home kitchens.

The Importance of Time and Temperature

The essence of Sous Vide lies in its precise control of time and temperature. By sealing food in vacuum-sealed bags and cooking it at a consistent temperature, the technique allows proteins to cook evenly from edge to center. But the perfection Sous Vide promises comes only with an accurate understanding of cooking times and temperatures.

Sous vide cooking temperature and minimum time.

The Main Attraction: Cooking Times & Temperature

Now, let’s unravel the mystery of perfect cooking times for various proteins. Remember that the following minimum times assume the food reaches the target temperature throughout, so consider additional time for thicker cuts.


  • Medium-Rare: 54°C for 1.5 hours
  • Medium: 60°C for 1.5 hours
  • Well Done: 63°C for 1.5 hours


  • Medium-Rare: 60°C for 1.5 hours
  • Medium: 66°C for 1.5 hours
  • Well Done: 71°C for 1.5 hours


  • Medium-Rare: 57°C for 2 hours
  • Medium: 63°C for 2 hours
  • Well Done: 78°C for 2 hours


  • Medium-Rare: 60°C for 2 hours
  • Medium: 68°C for 2 hours
  • Well Done: 77°C for 2 hours


  • Medium-Rare: 60°C for 2 hours
  • Medium: 64°C for 2 hours
  • Well Done: 73°C for 2 hours


  • Tender & Juicy: 60°C for 1 hour
  • Tender & Stringy: 66°C for 1 hour
  • Well Done: 75°C for 1 hour


  • Medium-Rare: 54°C for 30 minutes
  • Medium: 57°C for 30 minutes
  • Well Done: 60°C for 30 minutes


  • Medium-Rare: 42°C for 30 minutes
  • Medium: 50°C for 30 minutes
  • Well Done: 55°C for 30 minutes


  • Soft Yolk: 60°C for 1 hour
  • Creamy Yolk: 63°C for 45 minutes
  • Well Done: 66°C for 45 minutes

Broccoli, Asparagus

  • Well Done: 84°C for 15 minutes

Potatoes, Carrots

Well Done: 84°C for 1 hour


  • Tender and Juicy: 60°C for 45 minutes
  • Juicy and Soft: 66°C for 45 minutes
  • Well Done: 71°C for 45 minutes

Bone or No Bone?

Ah, the eternal debate! When it comes to Sous Vide, the presence of bone can add flavor and slightly increase the cooking time, particularly for thicker cuts. The thermal conductivity of bone differs from that of meat, meaning that proteins near the bone may take longer to reach the target temperature. A safe bet is to add an extra 30 minutes for bone-in cuts.

Sous Vide is more than just a cooking technique – it’s an ode to the beauty of chemistry, the precision of physics, and the art of gastronomy. So go forth, culinary virtuosos, and compose your symphonies with the finest ingredients, the best Sous Vide machines, and the treasure of time.

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